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Below is a cut and paste of an e-mail response I sent on an inquiry concerning "What's a C90 mod"?

I get asked this quite often, so instead of the "do a search" pat answer, I've tried to provide as short a synopsis as I could to what is involved in doing a C90 drive mod to an 800.
DJ Hillis, a VR forum member, noticed that on his daily commute his C50
seemed to simply be working too hard (reving too high) at speeds anything
above 65-70 mph indicated. He went looking for taller gears to raise the
gear ratio and drop the rpm. Long story short, he discoverd that with a few
simple modifications he could adapt a complete rear drive unit from a C90
and achieve the ratio he was looking for. This raises the final gear ratio
by 14%. (or drops rpm by that amount, somthing like that). It allows you to stay in each gear longer and just makes the 800 a
more pleasurable ride. You loose a minor amount of bottom end torque, but
barely noticable. I had it on a '05 C50 and really enjoyed it. The largest
benefit is from hiway riding. Here is what the mod entails.

Rear drive units from C90, VL1500 and VS1400 are all the same drive unit.
The C90 and VL1500 have the same size axle hole which is larger than the C50
axle, therefor you have to come up with a bushing that will adapt a C90 or
VL1500 drive to the C50 axle. That is not an issue with a VS1400 drive, for
some reason the 1400 and 800 share the same size axle.

If you were to remove your rear drive unit, you would notice it is mounted
to the swingarm by three mount studs. The circumfrence of the three studs on
a 90/1500 and 1400 drive is slightly larger than the 800 drive. To account
for this the mount holes on the 800 swingarm need to be enlarged to
accomadate the studs of the new drive. This can be done by drilling the
holes oversize (9/16ths for a 90 or VL1500 drive and 1/2 inch for a 1400
drive). Another method to drilling the holes oversize and removing so much
material is to slot the holes with a file. (search this procedure out on the
VR site).

The next consideration is the drive to wheel hub spacer. The axle spacer
that is on your bike now (I am talking about the one between the drive unit
and the wheel hub) is slightly too long (about 2mm). You can shorten the one
on your bike, but then that makes it unusable if you ever wanted to change
back to you 800 drive (i.e. if you were to sell the bike). You can cut a
spacer from DOM tubing or there are people on the VR who can supply you one
(I'll get to that later).

The other consideration is driveshaft length. Much debate on this topic. DJ
Hillis cuts, sleeves, and welds C90 driveshafts to a length that works. To
my knowledge no one has ever had a problem with a Hillis modified drive.
There is another machinest that I work with in Sturgis SD that takes C50
driveshafts and modifies them for proper length. His process involves some
milling that repositions the shoulder that contacts the u-joint. I've had
both, both work equaly well and are successful

So here is what you need;
A drive unit from a C90, VL1500 or VS1400. For the 90 or 1500 try and get
the driveshaft with it. For a 1400 you would most likly have to get a
modified C50 driveshaft from the guy in Sturgis. You can have the drive
shaft from your C50 modified also.

A bushing to allow the 90 or 1500 drive to accept the 800 axle. Not needed
if using a 1400 drive.

An axle spacer to set the proper space between the drive and wheel hub. I
have made these for people, the machinest in Sturgis (I keep calling him
that 'cause I can't remember his VR name) makes them, and DJ Hillis makes
them.

A driveshaft of correct lenth, be it modified by Hillis or Aric (the guy in
Sturgis).
You need a new circa-clip (snapring) and a driveshaft oil seal.

Now the hard part, finding one. DJ Hillis use to purchase take-off drives
from a guy that got them from a place that converted C90's to trikes. That
supply has dried up and Hilllis no longer has a source, however if you can
locate a drive, you can ship it to him (Hillis), he can convert the whole
thing and send you back a drop in kit short of enlarging the holes on your
swingarm. I'm not sure what the cost is these days. The guy he was getting
them from started producing them himself (VR member Hamlings8) but it seems
as if that supply has dried up also. Send him a pm an inquire about the
availability. I just don't think they are convering many C90's these days,
but if he has one he can supply you a converted drop in kit, with everything
you need, also. Some people have been successful picking them up on e-bay or
scouring salvage yards.

About the only other thing I can think of at the moment is that the new
drive, once installed will not allow you to use your left side swingarm
(sometimes referred to as the "fake swingarm"). If you got a drive modified
by Aric in Sturgis, the housing of the dive is machined on a CNC machine to
allow you to reinstall the swingarm. A Hillis modified drive allows the same
thing but Hillis accomplishes this by doing some grinding, either way they
both work. Some DIY'ers elect to just leave the "fake" swingarm off and a
few others have been able to grind on the swingarm and make it fit without
touching the drive case.

That's it in a nutshell (if not a rather large nut). I think I'll cut and
paste this to the VR forum as a synopsis of what is involved in doing this
mod. I get asked this alot and it would give me a place I could refer
questions to.
Good luck
Viper
I really intend this post to be a simple explaination of what is involved in doing the swap. And selfishly I want to have some place I can go to and cut and paste the next time I'm asked. :D

I do not want this thread to become politicized into "who was first" "who is better" or "who is prettier" or "who screwed who". Feel free to add anything to what I may have missed, but if this thread digresses into a "who" pissing contest, I'll send the whole thing to the trashcan myself.
Viper
 

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Discussion Starter #3
CycleBiker said:
Some mention of the driveshaft spline length differences might be appropriate.
I intentionaly glossed over it for a very simple reason. Although a case can be made for a minor trim to the u-joint end spline on one of the methods, I can't argue with success. I have not been presented evidence of any failure or problem with either method. Anyone choosing to modify their own driveshaft can choose to make those decisions.
Viper
 

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What about making it a "Sticky" so it doesn't get buried.

Nice idea, and good write-up.
 

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read it all and it sounds like a good mod i agree that the c50 is running to hard at high way speeds but which mod is easier the 1400 or the 1500?
 

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Discussion Starter #8
jdog said:
read it all and it sounds like a good mod i agree that the c50 is running to hard at high way speeds but which mod is easier the 1400 or the 1500?
The biggest advantage to the 1400 is that it uses the same size axle as the 800. C90 or 1500 uses a larger O.D. axle, the hole is larger than the 800 axle. Therefor if you use a C90 or 1500, you have to bush the drive to accept the 800 axle, if you use 1400 drive you don't.

The 1400 driveshaft is too short (unlike the 90 or 1500 shaft which is too long). So you would need to obtain a 90 or 1500 shaft and have it shortened, or obtain an 800 shaft and have it modified. Mr. Hillis shortens 90 or 1500 driveshafts by cutting and sleeving them, and that one machinest guy who I can never remember his VR name modifies 800 shafts, but if you need him I have his e-mail address.

Modding either one is not brain surgery, but you do need to know what you are doing. If you obtain a drive, either drive can be sent out for modification by the pros.
Viper
 

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Just found out my 1400 drive is sitting at the house waiting on me. I have already purchased a new Grease Seal, Snap Ring and Wheel Spacer. C50 Drive shaft is being Shipped Monday. After the C50 Shaft arrives I will have it machined for the 1400 Drive including the Seal Area if needed and have the wheel spacer shortened. Then probably install in 2 weeks with a 2 1/2" drop at the same time.
 

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Discussion Starter #11
skidroe55 said:
rushbass said:
Darn, I thought this was a thread on mods for my bike! :wink:
Me too! Maybe need an edit to the title to The definitive C90 DRIVE mod thread ?????

:wink:
Better? I thought the "Motors, Transmissions & Drives" forum would be the tip off to a C90 mod thread, but hey, I'm all for a little better clarity. :wink:
Viper
 

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472viper said:
skidroe55 said:
rushbass said:
Darn, I thought this was a thread on mods for my bike! :wink:
Me too! Maybe need an edit to the title to The definitive C90 DRIVE mod thread ?????

:wink:
Better? I thought the "Motors, Transmissions & Drives" forum would be the tip off to a C90 mod thread, but hey, I'm all for a little better clarity. :wink:
Viper
Sorry Viper--some of us aren't smart enough to look at that. I only look at thread names. I understand where you were headed now that I PULL MY HEAD OUT!!!!!! :oops:

:lol: :lol:
 

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Discussion Starter #13
skidroe55 said:
472viper said:
skidroe55 said:
rushbass said:
Darn, I thought this was a thread on mods for my bike! :wink:
Me too! Maybe need an edit to the title to The definitive C90 DRIVE mod thread ?????

:wink:
Better? I thought the "Motors, Transmissions & Drives" forum would be the tip off to a C90 mod thread, but hey, I'm all for a little better clarity. :wink:
Viper
Sorry Viper--some of us aren't smart enough to look at that. I only look at thread names. I understand where you were headed now that I PULL MY HEAD OUT!!!!!! :oops:

:lol: :lol:
Hey it was a bit presumpsious of me to assume everyone knows what I' talking about when most the time, I don't know what I'm talk'n about. :lol:
 

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QUESTION ? about the years to use?

hello everyone , am new to this site , and new to a volusa! just recently aquired a 2002 and love it!! it was customized alot and painted !! anyway i want to change the rear final gear unit< and need to know what years of c50/vl1500/vs1400 will fit!! found a 1995 vs1400 unit and need to know if it will work for this change?? any and all help is appreciated!! thanks boatman355
 

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Great overview Viper! I've had a VS1400 drive sitting in my garage for nearly two years and still can't decide if I want to get it on since I don't do much slab riding.
 

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midnight, do it! i did it last weekend and am not looking back. It seemed a bit of a daunting and scary task at first, but it's quite easy. just make sure you drill the holes to 9/16" and make sure the bike is in gear when trying to put in the drive shaft
 

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And if ya had to mess w/ the rear brake adjustment while R&R the wheel and make an adjustment do it off the stand.
 

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The Question...

is a simple one. What years work?

Perhaps my old eyes have overlooked the obvious answer, but it seems to me that these various drives - C90, VL1500 and VS1400 - that are mentioned have no model years attached.


One must presume that there were no changes in the final drives for all years that these models were produced. Is this true?


As an example - right now on Ebay are two VS1400 final drive units. One from a 1992 model and one from a "
1986 THROUOGH 2009 SUZUKI VS1400 INTRUDER".

One is reasonably priced and one is OUTRAGEOUSLY priced!

Regardless of price - will this unit (with modifications) fit my 2009 C50SE?

What say ye DJ Drive technical geeks of wisdom?
 

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No year limit has ever been posted.
One thing about Zuki Cruisers ........they don't hardly change and when they do it isn't by much.
One reason some parts from an '04 can fit an '07

Just hafta have to the mod you need for the drive you have.
There are at least 3 methods now depending on whether you want your old OEM drive shaft back
the original DJ way, the use your OEM ( for the 1400's) shaft, the modified donor shaft way.
Then you hafta decide if you are going to use the fake swing arm, 'cause you will hafta work on the case if ya do.
 
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Discussion Starter #20
I don't know if anyone has looked into it far enough to give a difinitive answer as to what specific years definatly will work and what years definatly will not work. My advice would be to bump the part number of the drive you are thinking of using against the part number of a drive that you know will work. If they match up you have a winner. For instance I know any C90 drive will work. I know any VL1500 drive will work. I know any VS1400 drive will work. Bump your part numbers up against any of those drives and look for a match. I know too there is a thread out there of a fella using a drive off a GV1400, the mod is alittle different and the axle does not protrude far enough to get a cotter pin inserted, but he is running it with a nut and locktite.

So unless you can buy one here that has already been modded, you may have to do alittle research on your as many of us have. I will gladly share what I know, I have no secrets (about drives anyway) but when it gets down to modle year, I haven't looked that far into it.

What year and modle are you looking at on e-bay? Shoot me a PM if need be.
 
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